September 16

Fire Rating Requirements for Steel | Nullifire | Permax

Learn about the fire rating requirements for steel [...]


August 17

Minimising the Impact of Fires | Blog | Permax

The BCA (Building Code of Australia) building fire [...]


April 14

Fire Upgrades for Building Code Compliance | Remedial

As a building owner / manager it is essential that [...]

If you are surprised you have received a Fire order in the first place, it could be due to the fact that a lot of them are issued at the time a property puts in development applications and/or missing annual submissions of fire safety statements. However, the local council, can issue an order any time if:

  • Your fire protection systems don’t meet the current National Construction Code (NCC);
  • The area of concern has a high risk of fire incident.

Additionally, upgrade orders can be issued from fire brigades for the repair or maintenance of your existing active and passive fire protection measures.
 
You or the body corporate may decide to make voluntary fire upgrades on the building, but take note that the council will still issue an order when deemed necessary. It is worth noting if you are seeking to be proactive and upgrade your building to comply, you  will still need to seek council approval in connection with the proposed project.

March 27

What Remedial Building Services offer | What we Do | Remedial Building Services

If you want to know why you need more than a handy [...]

THE REQUIREMENT OF FIRE UPGRADE WORKS

Have you ever paid attention to your Annual Fire Safety Statement – otherwise known as your AFSS and do you know what it is?

Your AFSS is a legal document all commercial and residential buildings are required to have on display in a public place such as the entry lobby. This document lists all the essential fire services within the building and the standards they were installed to.

By law, owners of a building are required to ensure all occupants within the building are safe, thus, keeping your AFSS up to date is essential. However, The BCA is constantly upgraded, meaning over a period of time, most, if not all buildings will be served with a council fire upgrade notice, which will identify the current standards which your building fails to comply with.

At Remedial, we have a team of qualified experts whowill work with you to ensure your building is compliant. Furthermore, we can work with you to ensure that any council served upgrade orders are resolved to the highest possible standard.

Our range of upgrade services includes fire penetrations, fire doors, thin film intumescents as well as safety audits.

March 04

5 Tips to Prevent Fire | Nullifire | Permax

Keep disastrous building fires at bay with a fire [...]

Five Fire Prevention Tips to Ensure Safety in your Building


When a building is alight, staying calm is the obvious advice, but keeping so, is much harder. It is why corporate buildings and large residential buildings have evacuation plans in place which are regularly practiced, so that if you ever need to go through the process of exiting the building in an emergency, your body can take over whilst your mind is racing.
But plans exist for more than just ensuring people exit quickly and safely. In fact, good plans will consider how to get fire crews in safely too to fight the fire. The easier it is to get in, the less the fire can spread and the more of your property and the items in it which can be saved.
Ultimately however, the best plans are not evacuation plans, but plans which aim to minimise the chance of fire in the first place. In fact, the right knowledge and preventative measures, can help avoid the incidence of fire in your property.

Follow the fire safety codes

Where relevant (we know this is not possible for many of you reading this), before starting the building process, consider all aspects of construction and follow the fire safety codes, including the type of materials, the primary structure, and the fire exits.
Make sure that your building has a fire-resistive rating, which meets the requirement of use, whether it is concrete, timber or steel Invest in quality and code-compliant passive fire protection solutions to strengthen your building materials’ fire resistance.
Keep in mind that Australian codes have amendments from time to time, so ensure to get regular updates for compliance.

Test alarms, sprinklers, and extinguishers

You might be surprised just how often fire upgrade orders are given and/or how many decision makers rush the process of complying with fire preventative requirements issued to them by relevant Fire authorities. Financial considerations are prioritised and compliance becomes a checklist item, rather than a priority. They fail to take into account that careless “compliance” of the requirements will not save them if a fire occurs. 
Similarly, make sure all fire safety equipment is stored safely and is date compliant. Do not fall to the thinking that because you have equipment in place, that it works. Faulty smoke alarms and empty extinguishers are hazards that need to be repaired or replaced. They may only be useful once, but if they work to save lives and warn you to fire, then they will ultimately save you more than they cost.
Trust us when we say, if a fire inspector tells you to replace or test your smoke alarms and other fire safety apparatus in the building, follow their recommendation. You are not only saving your property, but also the lives of people occupying the building. 

Turn off gas, heat, and electricity sources when not in use

Develop a habit of turning off everything after office hours. Not only will it save you money, but it lowers the cost of running the business. Sure not everything can be turned off, but think twice about what can be:

  • Do you need to run the air conditioning at night?

  • Are gas bottles contained in a storage shed?

  • Can you put the hot water unit in the kitchen on a timer so it is not running overnight?

Another good tip is to ensure that you have your electrical equipment tested and tagged regularly. Faulty cabling is a massive cause of preventable fire.

Look for broken or frayed wirings

Don’t just test the equipment and wiring you see, as one of the common causes of fires is a broken or frayed cable wire in your building – damn pesty rats! What’s worse, they are often hidden behind walls or pipes so you don’t see them hanging anywhere. 
Plan regular inspections and replacement measures for your property. Remember, it would only require a tiny amount of spark to start a fire especially in highly conducive areas like the paper copier section of an office.  Don’t wait for that to happen.

Conduct tenant/employee training and awareness programs

Training and awareness programmes should be put in place so building occupants know what to do when there is a fire. Everyone plays a role in improving the level of safety in buildings so regular cooperative education programmes must be conducted. 
Discuss escape routes, precautionary actions, and the importance of presence of mind when an incident happens. Educating people about the gravity of fire management and structured programmes to ensure that fire safety plans are met and executed well should be a priority and not just implemented for compliance.
It is also good to revisit your existing fire emergency procedure and engage tenants and employees in refresher courses. A little reminder will certainly go a long way!

Prevention is always better than cure.

As a building or business owner, it is highly advisable for you to put preventative measures in place and maintain them on a regular basis. Inspections and compliance are two of your important responsibilities, and it wouldn’t hurt to implement regular internal audits within your premises.
From following the applicable fire safety codes to conducting awareness training and testing protocols, these fire safety measures are designed to help you and your occupants to stay safe.
We cannot help with it all, but if you are looking to strengthen your fire prevention initiatives in your building, namely fire rating structural steel, then let’s have a chat to our team about our intumescent coatings or how our engineers can help assist you with the process of specification in the first place.
 

January 10

Keeping the Workplace Fireproof | Nullifire | Permax

All in all, fire has the potential to be a destruc [...]

Keeping the Workplace 'Fireproof'


Here’s the thing. We are all human, and unless you are doing something every day, there is every chance, that despite the best training, you may forget something when it comes time to do it. In fact, despite all your preparation, it is normal for everyday people to panic and forget what to do when a fire occurs in the office. In research conducted by Fire & Safety Australia, it was found that less than 50 percent of building occupants know how to operate a fire extinguisher or feel confident and know what to do. Worse, a great percentage also couldn’t accurately answer where to evacuate in the case of a fire emergency.
Because occupational fires often result in business losses – irrespective of the size – it is important you have a documented and taught workplace safety procedure as well as preventive measures in place.
Today, I wanted to tackle the topic of effective fire safety measures that businesses can apply in their premises. Make sure that you take note of these and share them with your employees so that they will have a greater knowledge regarding workplace hazards and the workplace safety skills they may want to acquire.  

Establish a fire safety and evacuation plan in place

One of the most effective ways an employer can protect their organisation from the costly effects of a devastating blaze is by creating a fire safety and evacuation plan. Aside from being a regulatory requirement (evidenced by a fire safety certificate), the document will become your company’s holy grail should a workplace fire occur.
By determining and then detailing every aspect of the action plan designed specifically for your property, you will be able to train your employees in things which seem obvious when not under stress, but which could save lives and the building when they are.
We’re talking things such as
  • How and where to sound the alarm
  • How to use a fire extinguisher
  • Which fire extinguisher is the right one
  • How to check for danger
  • Notifying the fire department and authorities
  • Evacuating the occupants of the building.
They will also learn how to minimise the damage caused by fires, the points of command during emergencies, and to implement actions that will prevent and control the associated hazard, should a fire occur in your premises.
On top of that, a fire safety action plan will help you establish a regular schedule on fire drills and fire management training that your employees can teach and attend.
By equipping them with the right instruction and practice, you can improve the staff’s focus and reduce the onset of panic attacks in times of crises.

Have a regular Test and Tag

As an employer, you are acutely aware that you can be found liable for any accident that one of your employees encounters while in the workplace if you are found negligent. So you do what needs to be done to ensure you have a non-slip floor, or that you have handrails on ramps, or that you have signs up where they are needed. But many employers forget that electrical circuits and the electrical cables used every day, also need to be attended to.
Testing your electrical devices – everyone, from the kettle cord, through to your laptop charge cable, through to the cables that power your machinery or printer and even your hand-dryers – also known as Test and Tag is critical. A qualified employee, or a specialist need to regularly check the safety of all the electrical equipment and safety switches found inside your premises, in compliance with the AS/NZS 3760 Standard and attach a tag to show the date of testing and that it has passed. Anything which fails should be replaced as not only could it cause electrocution; it can also be the cause of a fire.
Take note that intervals of testing and tagging differs per industry. For instance, in construction and mining, a test and tag is required every three months. In manufacturing, a 6-month interval is advised for non-double-insulated equipment. For office work with no safety switch, a test and tag process should be done every five years. For more information about testing and tagging electrical equipment, read the Electrical Safety Regulation 2013 and the AS/NZS 3012 Electrical installations – Construction and demolition sites.

Dedicate a safe storage area for flammables and the like

Any person who’s in the business of using, handling, generating, or storing hazardous chemicals in their premises is required by law to comply with the specified workplace safety laws imposed in their respective state or territory.  
Under the Australian Standards AS1940:2017, various recommended storage solutions that business owners can utilise are defined. Minor storage is required for the accommodation of flammable and combustible materials in small quantities not exceeding the specified amount in Table 2.1, Section 2 of AS1940. A flammable liquid storage is required, which must have a double-walled steel construction, spill compound, and self-closing doors and must be installed in a well-ventilated area.
If on the other hand, you have more than more than 100L of flammable liquids, or more than 1000L of combustible liquids stored in your building, you are required to have at least one readily accessible, portable fire extinguisher with the suitable rating for use with the range of materials being kept. If the liquids are emptied out in an open area, a fire extinguisher shall be provided within 5 metres of the storage space.
Keep in mind that a more stringent storage regulation applies for tank systems and tank vehicle loading facilities so it is best to seek professional guidance when handling much larger quantities of flammable and combustible liquids in your premises.

Reinforce your active fire protection system

Another way to boost your building’s fire safety is to enhance your active fire protection system. Unlike passive fire protection (which is discussed in the next section), active fire protection is specified by the use of items or systems that require some amount of physical action, response, or motion in order to efficiently work in case of fire.
Common items under this list include fire extinguishers, standpipe systems, fire and smoke alarms, sprinkler systems, and fire hoses, and the like. What is common among these is the fact that they only work when manually operated or when they detect a fire or smoke, thus prompting a response.

Invest in passive fire protection

A good fire safety plan includes the use of passive fire protection or PFP. PFP encourages the use of fire-resistant materials that will help slow the spread of a fire for a limited period of time.  For instance, concrete, gypsum board, or calcium silicate board is used to cover walls, floors, or doors in order to contain fire and thus, limiting the damage only to a minimum.
Nevertheless, there are only two passive fire protection systems that are considered acceptable by various fire standards around the world: vermiculite fire protection and intumescent fire protection. The first fireproof material is lightweight and seemingly affordable (don’t be fooled by the cost of materials as application costs and other factors need to be incorporated), yet it is prone to corrosion, is not resistant to water or mould growth. On top of that, for it to work properly, a thick layer of the material must be applied on steel which is aesthetically unappealing.
Conversely, thin film intumescent fire protection systems such as our Nullifire Range performs better, is water resistant, does not have to be primed and can be finished to a high architectural finish.
At Permax, we offer a range of intumescent coatings or fire-retardant paints which shield structural steel in the case of fires fuelled by paper, plastic, timber, furniture, and other common items typically found in buildings. Used as a thin layer on structural steel, this coating creates an efficient layer of char between the steel and fire with a protection level of up to 120 minutes, helping contain the fire from room to room or floor to floor. If you want to limit severe workplace hazards and to save your property and the lives of your employees, you need to ensure intumescent coatings as a part of your wider fire protection plan.
 
All in all, fire has the potential to be a destructive force that can take lives, equipment and buildings. Yet, through some simple precautions, you have the ability to limit the devastation and ensure the safety of your employees and building occupants! The choice is simple really isn’t it!
 

January 10

Crown Casino Sydney - 50 Tonne Girder | Nullifire | Permax

The development of the Crown Casino complex in Syd [...]

Crown Casino Sydney - 50 Tonne Girder


Permax Australia are working closely with multiple teams on this project, with the specific task of applying Nullifire thin film intumescent
This week, the first girder was air-lifted into place on level 2 of the podium.
This 270m+ building will be a mix of residedntial aprtments and hotel rooms, whilst the Podium where this was being lifted will house a mix of open spaces and dining options and will sit on one of the three precincts being developed on the foreshore of Darling Harbour on the old site of the Industrial Docks.
This video on the Robert Bird LinkedIn profile shows just how impressive this steel section really is!

January 10

Fire Rating cannot be an After thought | Nullifire | Permax

The planning process for building works is a time [...]

Fire Rating cannot be an After thought


The planning process for building works is a time intensive one. Whether you are an architect, engineer, builder or the client, you know the time put into making sure the smallest details are covered off and the structure will be nothing short of brilliant when it is built.

There may be discussion about the use of steel over concrete, whether to leave said steel exposed, the type of glass to use, how changes can be made to the floor plan to enhance cooling/heating of the building whilst maintaining the desired aesthetics and so on. The list really is endless.

However, what we are finding too often is that discussions around passive fire rating are being neglected till late in the building process. By the time it is realised that only little consideration has been given to the passive fire rating process, we've found that clients are either unhappy with the implications and impact the solution will have on aesthetic criteria or with the cost to reto-fit the solution to the structure.

We implore you to remember this: Fire rating cannot be an after thought. It Must be considered as part of the initial design phase and in the specifications phase. Whether it is fire rating protection for structural steel (intumescent paint or fire paint as some call it), fire collars, fire board or gap seals, passive fire protection is an integral component of the design process.

If you are unsure of what you need to consider, or how to interpret the 2012 BCA, then please, feel free to contact our offices as we will be more than happy to point you in the right direction.

January 10

Differences Between Cellulosic and Hydrocarbon Fires | Nullifire | Permax

When you think of a building structure and it bein [...]

Differences Between Cellulosic and Hydrocarbon Fires


When you think of a building structure and it being alight, what do you think of? A tall commercial building with flames leaping out the windows? A smaller house fire? Or maybe a residential apartment building? If you did you are not alone. However, how many of you thought about industrial complexes – Factories, oil pipelines and petrochemical plants? The human mind works such that we think about things we see ourselves or on TV and the truth is we see more of the former types of fire than the latter.

The difference in the two types of fire couldn’t be more pronounced, and how they are treated (both in terms of preventative measures and to extinguish the flames) is as a result, very different.

Classes of Fire

  1. Cellulosic Fire (CF) - This kind of fire occurs when the fuel source is comprised primarily of cellulose material such as timber or paper. A fire of this nature has a slow flame and spreads – by comparison – gradually.
    This type of fire is most common in residential and commercial buildings. When the combustible material burns, it gets hot with temperatures reaching up to 500°C in as little as 5 minutes and can escalate to up to 1100°C. Its radiation value has been measured at 50 kW/m2 (Kilowatt/square meter).
  2. Hydrocarbon Fire (HF) – Hydrocarbon fires are caused by combustible liquid such as oil and gas. Carbon and hydrogen make up hydrocarbons and they do not have affinity for H2O (water). Some examples are petrol, diesel, benzene and kerosene. Within 5 minutes, a hydrocarbon fire can heat up to 1000°C and peaks to 1100 °C in a short time. By comparison to a cellulosic fire, the radiation value is 160 kW/m2.
  3. Others – Other fires are hydrocarbon fires that have extremely high burning rate caused by the mixture of turbulent air or fuel such as jet fires.

How Classes of Fire Differ

The difference between Cellulosic fires and Hydrocarbon fires extends beyond the temperature and the fuel sources. Each of these fires has a unique behaviour which can be noted in duration, growth rate and peak combustion. For bench-marking, the fire protective products industry adopted standard fire curves for each type of fire. Fire protective products are then classified into two categories based on these fire curves:

  • A, B, and F – for products that offer protection against cellulosic fire
  • H or J – for products that produce hydrocarbon fire; where J represents specialised hydrocarbon fires resulting from combustion from high class fuels.

If we are to boil it down, whilst all fires can be catastrophic, fires caused by hydrocarbons are more harmful than those caused by cellulosic materials.
 
Fire Protection Systems
Fire protection systems can be classified into two broad categories – active and passive fire rating. Active fire protectors are set in place as responses in the case of fire. Where fire or smoke is detected, these systems act to supress the spread of smoke and flame and thus include smoke alarms, fire doors and fire sprinklers. Conversely, a passive fire protection system protects a structure from fire through insulation applied to structural steel elements which delays combustion and prolongs structural adequacy. These systems are designed to allow for fire-fighters to safely enter a building and for occupants to exit the vicinity.
Both systems have a vital role in the preservation of human life and should be employed correctly. In the case of passive fire rating, understanding your requirements (in other words knowing how to interpret the NCC) and determining what to fire rate and with what products can be daunting. That is why we are here – to make it easier for you. If you need some assistance in understanding what you can and should be doing, contact one of the Permax team today.

December 04

Understanding the difference between Engineering and Fire Engineering | Permax

Find out from the Permax blog what the fire protec [...]

Understanding the difference between Engineering and Fire Engineering

Nov 08, 2019

  

When people refer to fire engineering, they sometimes shorten it to just engineering, but the reality is the two terms are not interchangeable. Engineering is such a broad term (think structural, aeronautical, computer, façade), summarised as the use of science and math to design or make something, whereas fire engineering refers to the specific science of designing buildings that are safe from fire. In this article, we will tackle the definition of fire engineering, the associated tasks, and how relying on one when it comes to designing fire compliant will greatly benefit you in building your structure.

What is engineering?

According to the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary of the Cambridge University Press, engineering is “… the study of using scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other things, including bridges, roads, vehicles, and buildings.” Derived from the Latin term ingenium, which means genius or talent, engineering is a complex profession that entails the use of applied mathematics and applied sciences plus creativity and artistic judgment in order to design the construction of things that will benefit society and move the economy forward.
Engineering is composed of several disciplines, the most common of which are civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, and computer engineering. It also includes other sub-disciplines where fire engineering belongs to.

What is fire engineering?

Fire engineering also known as fire safety engineering, according to the International Standards Organization, is:
“The application of engineering principles, rules and expert judgement based on a scientific appreciation of the fire phenomena, of the effects of fire, and the reaction and behaviour of people, in order to save life, protect property and preserve the environment and heritage; quantify the hazards and risk of fire and its effects; and evaluate analytically the optimum protective and preventative measures necessary to limit, within prescribed levels, the consequences of fire.”
In Australia, fire engineering is governed by the Australian Building Codes Board or the ABCB, an agency that provides guidelines for use in the fire engineering design and approval of buildings and  structures with enclosed spaces such as ships and tunnels.

So yes, How different is fire engineering from engineering per se?

Fire engineering is a subset of the broad engineering spectrum. Yes, it uses concepts of mathematics, the sciences, and the arts but these are specifically applied to instigate measures and solutions to facilitate the correct design of fire systems to help save lives and property in the event of fire.
While engineering has established standards, fire engineering is in its infancy and many regulations and codified guidelines regarding approaching and solving fire-related issues of buildings and structures are still being drafted. To date, the ABCB develops recommendations and procedures they find suitable based on the circumstances and technologies available. The guidelines continue to evolve but are based on understanding the aspects of structural fire such as:

  • the manner in which a fire starts;

  • the factors affecting the ignition of different materials through the fire dynamics theory;

  • the toxic effects modelling or the science behind the spreading of toxins and smoke in  combustion;

  • the reaction of buildings and other structures to fire; and most importantly,

  • the  human behaviour or people’s in the occurrence of fire.

Why is fire engineering important?

If you’re in the construction, strata management, and property business, you will greatly benefit from incorporating fire engineering in the planning and maintenance stages of your venture. Because the ABCB’s fire protection engineering measures are specific to the building, occupants, and site, you can have increased confidence that the structural integrity and longevity of your structure are in order. Here are other reasons to consider a fire engineer.
Fundamental in planning fire safety strategy
From selecting the right passive fire protection method to having input on the steel sections required to achieve maximum compliance at a low cost, techniques used in fire engineering are essential in ensuring the utmost safety of the structure, assets, and the occupants of the building.
Likewise, an expertise in fire engineering can input into the creation of a sound and effective emergency and evacuation plan, which includes risk assessment, fire hazard analysis, evacuation procedure, and escape route design, among others.
Limits damage of structure, equipment, and building contents
One of the aspects of fire engineering is the identification of methods and systems that constrain the possible controlling and mitigating the possible impacts that an unwanted fire can bring.
Since fire engineers understand how fires originate and spread, they can anticipate when a fire can happen based on the design of the building as well as on the materials and machines present in the vicinity. With this knowledge, they help building owners detect possible combustion sources before the accident can destroy their assets.
Secures the safety of building occupants
One of the most valuable benefits of fire engineering is the protection of human life. By participating in the design process, fire engineers use their judgment and expertise to help develop a fast and least dangerous route that people can take in case a fire breaks in the building they are occupying.
Protects heritage in older or significant buildings
Fire engineering is not only relevant in the protection of new buildings and structures. Its practices are also applied in the maintenance and fortification of heritage buildings. Fire engineers can evaluate the prevailing fire safety plans of existing structures and examine if those measures still serve a purpose in prolonging the structural integrity and the overall safety of subject buildings. If such are found insubstantial, the specialists can always recommend a new system with the help of newer technologies and developments.

The future of fire engineering

Fire engineering continues to evolve as a sub-discipline of engineering. On top of engineering judgment, the steady development of new tools and technologies will aid regulatory agencies like the ABCB in predicting the future of fire safety. So next time you are designing a building and are unsure what is needed, or how to minimise costs, perhaps you should call one of our team and ask for some assistance.


November 06

Bolt Caps | Built Environment and Oil & Gas Market Suitable | Permax

Up to 9x faster to apply than alternative bolt pro [...]

BOLT CAP OVERVIEW

Bolt Caps comprise Polymeric resin which incorporates fire resistant pigmentation, the bolt caps are designed to provide protection to bolted connections in structural steel frames in the event of fireBolt caps have been engineered to provide protection from cellulosic, hydrocarbon and jet fire scenarios. Available as standard 8.8 size, these bolts can also be ordered to other specification sizes. 

Comprising Polymeric resin which incorporates fire resistant pigmentation, the bolt caps are designed to provide protection to bolted connections in structural steel frames in the event of fire, and have been tested up to three hours fire protection. As there is no adhesive, paints or other bonded materials, the bolts slide on and provide optimal, consistent performance. 

KEY PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES

  • Manufactured by Pyphoon Performance Products
  • Available in M16, M20, M24 & M30 in standard sizes and other sizes on request
  • Easy to apply with up to 9x time savings on application
  • Ensures consistent, aesthetically pleasing finishes
  • Zero VOC and HAPS free 
  • Fire protection ratings on the bolted connections are independent of the surrounding passive fire protection materials

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

Download a copy of the manufacturers Technical data Sheet
 

For further advice or information on Bolt Caps, please contact the Permax Team today. 

July 04

Choosing the Right Intumescent Product | Nullifire | Permax

Need help with selecting the right intumescent pro [...]

Nullifire products are designed to excel in different circumstances, so selecting the right one for your project requirements is essential. To make it easier for you we have two things to consider.

  • If your project is internal, for an FRL of 90 to 120 minutes the SC902 system is right for you. External steel projects should also be using the SC902 system.
  • For internal steel up to an FRL of 60 minutes or 90 minutes for heavier sections, S707-60 is the preferred system.
July 04

Why you shouldn't use the term Fire Proof | Nullifire | Permax

Learn why fireproofing is not the same as fire res [...]

Why Fireproofing Is Not the Right Term to Use


A lot of people use the term fireproofing to describe the application of chemicals to something. Overuse has made it seem like the correct term, but when customers start asking us for fireproofing products or services, we almost immediately know that they are actually referring to fire-resistance products and services.
So why do people need to stop using this term? Ultimately, the truth is there are really no fireproofing techniques that exist. There are passive fire protection products that can resist fire for a specified period of time (referred to as the Fire rating level or FRL) and delay melting and burning of a material for a specific amount of time. But a product that actually makes an object or structure solidly resistant to flames? Sadly, to date, nothing in the world exists which fits that bill, or at least nothing that can be used to protect a structure.
So what can we do to protect buildings and structures from flames, and what term should we use if we are trying to stop the world using the word fireproofing?

April 05

SC902 Hybrid Intumescent Paint | Nullifire | Permax

Formulated to provide optimal performance on eithe [...]

Nullifire SC902 is the world's only 'Hybrid' intumescent coating system that delivers unrivalled performance compared to all other celluosic intumescent coatings.

April 05

Intumescent Paint Information | Nullifire | Permax

Nullifire is the world's leader in intumescent pai [...]

Fires are generally classified as either Cellulosic or Hydrocarbon fires. The essential difference between them relates to how quickly each reaches its maximum temperature range and the combustible fuel source feeding the fire.